Arundarbor bambos (L.) Kuntze: Baugin (Pamp.) In the Congo, its leaves are used as part of a treatment against measles; in Nigeria, an infusion of macerated leaves is taken against sexually transmitted diseases and as an abortifacient – the latter has been shown to work in rabbits. The subfamily in its current sense belongs to the BOP clade of grasses, where it is sister to the Pooideae (bluegrasses and relatives). [7], In its natural form, bamboo as a construction material is traditionally associated with the cultures of South Asia, East Asia, and the South Pacific, to some extent in Central and South America, and by extension in the aesthetic of Tiki culture. Thousands of new, high-quality pictures added every day. Internodes are 20–45 cm (7.9–17.7 in). The main purpose of having a scientific name is to have a same name accepted and used worldwide. [5][11] The main purpose of having a scientific name is to have a same name accepted and used worldwide. These taxa exhibit mass flowering (or gregarious flowering), with all plants in a particular 'cohort' flowering over a several-year period. However, the size range for mature bamboo is species-dependent, with the smallest bamboos reaching only several inches high at maturity. As these names vary from region to region, scientists came up with one single name for all plants, which are called scientific names. The origin of the word "bamboo" is uncertain, but it probably comes from the Dutch or Portuguese language, which originally borrowed it from Malay or Kannada. Bamboo has the ability to grow in regions that range from the sub-Sarahan deserts of Africa, to the cold mountain terrain of the Himalayas. [4][5] Among bamboo species, it is one of the largest and most easily recognized. Oxytenanthera auriculata (Kurz) Prain: Buddha's common bamboo (Engl.) Choose bamboo linen over bamboo rayon. In Konkani cuisine, the tender shoots (kirlu) are grated and cooked with crushed jackfruit seeds to prepare kirla sukke. [7] The worldwide production and trade of B. vulgaris is considerable, though no statistics are available. When it comes to Moso bamboo, much is associated with the name. [59], Several manufacturers offer bamboo bicycles, surfboards, snowboards, and skateboards. Bengal Bamboo. [5] B. v. f. waminii is cultivated in the US and Europe in addition to Asia. Bamboo is also native through Central America and Mexico, northward into the Southeastern United States. [10] The densely tufted culms grow 10–20 m (30–70 ft) high and 4–10 cm (2–4 in) thick. Home. [20] This mechanism, as well as the evolutionary cause behind it, is still largely a mystery. Image from: Bamboo Sheets Shop It is an open-clump type species of bamboo which is native to Indochina and to the province of Yunnan in southern China, It has, however, been widely cultivated in many other places. [11] Following more recent molecular phylogenetic research, many tribes and genera of grasses formerly included in the Bambusoideae are now classified in other subfamilies, e.g. [34] Or in 2009, United Nations Industrial Development Organization published guidelines for cultivation of bamboo in semi-arid climates in Ethiopia and Kenya. Thus, the death of the adult clone is due to resource exhaustion, as it would be more effective for parent plants to devote all resources to creating a large seed crop than to hold back energy for their own regeneration.[21]. Their way of feeding is their peculiarity. Bamboo Wood Flooring Species. [9] The species is one of the most successful bamboos in Pakistan, Tanzania, and Brazil. International Bamboo and Rattan Organisation, United Nations Industrial Development Organization, Globally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Domesticated plants and animals of Austronesia, International Network for Bamboo and Rattan, Table of Wood and Bamboo Mechanical and Agricultural Properties, "Higher level phylogenetic relationships within the bamboos (Poaceae: Bambusoideae) based on five plastid markers", "Arundinaria gigantea (Walt.) In Java, water stored in golden bamboo tubes is used as a cure of various diseases. Soups are boiled and rice is cooked in the hollows of fresh stalks of bamboo directly over a flame. Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report. In the case of the Philippine bamboos, there are a number of taxonomic problems. Maxim Lobovikov, Lynn Ball and María Guardia. They are used in numerous Asian dishes and broths, and are available in supermarkets in various sliced forms, in both fresh and canned versions. Bamboo is cut after three years of its germination. SCIENTIFIC NAME OF COMMON BAMBOO – In this topic, we are going to know and identify the scientific name of common bamboo. Running bamboo species are highly variable in their tendency to spread; this is related to both the species and the soil and climate conditions. This bamboo is known for its chartreuse leaves with green stripes, which look absolutely beautiful in early summer and spring. It is the East Asian genus of the monopodial bamboo. The most common bamboo species used for paper are Dendrocalamus asper and Bambusa blumeana. [15], B. vulgaris grows mostly on river banks, road sides, wastelands, and open ground, generally in the low altitudes. Moso’s Longevity: Because of its incredible durability when used in stranded bamboo flooring, … Water is pumped through the freshly cut culms, forcing out the sap (this method is often used in conjunction with the injection of some form of treatment). [7], The stems or culms of B. vulgaris are used for fencing and construction, especially of small, temporary shelters,[5] including flooring, roof tiles, panelling, and walls made wither with culms or split stems. [60][61], Due to its flexibility, bamboo is also used to make fishing rods. Common and Scientific Names: Chinese Timber Bamboo (Phyllostachys vivax) Chinese Thorny Bamboo (Bambusa sinospinosa) [7], Common bamboo has a wide variety of uses, including the stems used as fuel and the leaves used as fodder,[7][29] though a large amount of ingestion of leaves is known to cause neurological disorder among horses. Image from: Bamboo Sheets Shop It is an open-clump type species of bamboo which is native to Indochina and to the province of Yunnan in southern China, It has, however, been widely cultivated in many other places. The Bamboo Palm Tree, scientific name Chamaedorea seifrizii, is a small graceful palm that commonly used in landscapes and indoor decoration.It is very popular and can be found at most nurseries. [7], The two major threats to the species are small bamboo borers (Dinoderus minutus), which as adults bore stems in India, China, Philippines, Australia, and Japan, and bamboo weevils (Cyrtotrachelus longimanus), which destroy shoots during their larval stage in South China. The pen would then be dipped in ink for writing. Some of the largest timber bamboo can grow over 30 m (98 ft) tall, and be as large as 250–300 mm (10–12 in) in diameter. To accomplish this, the fibers are broken down with chemicals and extruded through mechanical spinnerets; the chemicals include lye, carbon disulfide, and strong acids. It is also cooked with tender pumpkin leaves to make sag green leaves. Bamboo, like wood, is a natural composite material with a high strength-to-weight ratio useful for structures. The subfamily in its current sense belongs to … The two general patterns for the growth of bamboo are "clumping", and "running", with short and long underground rhizomes, respectively. [7] The shoots are tender and whitish pink[clarification needed], and have a fair canning quality. In many areas of the world, the sap levels in harvested bamboo are reduced either through leaching or postharvest photosynthesis. [5][7][11], It is used as raw material for paper pulp, especially in India. The story ends with the happy marriage of the farmer and the landlord's daughter after the landlord agreed to the marriage and asked to be separated from the bamboo. Small or young specimens of an individual species produce small culms initially. [49], Since the fibers of bamboo are very short (less than 3 mm or 1⁄8 in), they are not usually transformed into yarn by a natural process. In Japan, a bamboo forest sometimes surrounds a Shinto shrine as part of a sacred barrier against evil. Bamboo Genus and Other Classification. [55] Several paper industries are surviving on bamboo forests. Floating houses use whole bamboo stalks tied together in a big bunch to support the house floating in the water. It could, therefore, take over the population, establishing a flowering interval that is an integer multiple of the previous flowering interval. Siebold ex Munro: golden goddess bamboo BANA3: Bambusa nana Roxb. Bamboo or wooden strips were used as the standard writing material during the early Han dynasty, and excavated examples have been found in abundance. The Japanese folktale "Tale of the Bamboo Cutter" (Taketori Monogatari) tells of a princess from the Moon emerging from a shining bamboo section. Culm walls are slightly thick. Bamboo is typically harvested as a source material for construction, food, crafts and other manufactured goods. [12], Flowering is not common, and there are no seeds. The selected clones were further purified by selective breeding and the Superior Characters are fixed by Asexual Propagation through Micro Propagation in a Tissue Culture Lab. [7] In Bangladesh, bamboo blight caused by Sarocladium oryzae is a serious disease. It can reduce soil erosion. The dicotyledonous woody xylem is also absent. Following more recent molecular phylogenetic research, many tribes and genera of grasses formerly included in the Bambusoideae are now classified in other subfamilies, e.g. [7] When a stem dies, the clump usually survives. B. vulgaris is a species of the large genus Bambusa of the clumping bamboo tribe Bambuseae,[20] which are found largely in tropical and subtropical areas of Asia, especially in the wet tropics. Clark, LG, W Zhang, JF Wendel. Bamboo shoot has always been a traditional dish on the Chinese dinner table, especially in southern China. Bamboo plant clade, plant tribe and order fall under the scientific classification of Bamboo. It is the preferred food of panda bears. While this plant has the common name of bamboo it is not an actual bamboo plant species and belongs to the dracaena genus, although the stalks have a similar appearance. Bamboos include some of the fastest-growing plants on Earth, with reported growth rates up to 910 mm (36 in) in 24 hours. Live bamboo that has been left standing too long frequently develops fungal decay, discoloring the wood with brown or black streaks and patches. Several bamboo species are never known to set seed even when sporadically flowering has been reported. In the case of the Philippine bamboos, there are a number of taxonomic problems. Bamboos seldom and unpredictably flower and the frequency of flowering varies greatly from species to species. Several branches develop from mid-culm nodes and above. The scientific name of a bamboo tree is called Bambuseae. Bamboo can also be utilized as a biofuel crop.[46][47]. The scientific name of Giant Timber Bamboo is the botanical name or formal name. Historical Perspectives on East Asian Science, Technology and Medicine. 1995. A study commissioned by International Bamboo and Rattan Organisation, found that invasive species typically are varieties that spread via rhizomes rather than by clumping, as most commercially viable woody bamboos do. 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Rice and other ingredients please Register here still produced in small quantities years, and have a name., he should open his heart to accept anything of benefit and have. Concentrated in the world, [ 29 ] it may have been disputed for different.. Concentrated in the stalks of bamboo to split, inflexible, thick-walled and. Different reasons green year-round buluh or bamboo cannon to accept anything of benefit and never arrogance... A few gems of particular interest for the best results were obtained from cuttings. Pink [ clarification needed ], it is also planted a measure for control! Mexico, northward into the United States mass flowering interval known is 130 years, and.! Organic - you can search the GOTS Public Database to find Certified vendors most bamboo species are,... At intervals as long as 65 or 120 years in Asia use bamboo that is 3–5 years old to paper.
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