Somali-speaking students in Grades 9 and 10 attended each program of study at approximately the same proportion as the TDSB student average, taking most academic and applied courses at a similar rate. He smiled from ear to ear after placing it over his head. "This town is really good people here," says the municipality leader, Greg Janzen. Both the Ghanaians and Somalis, along with dozens of others who have arrived since last fall, can only express gratitude for how they were welcomed to Canada. "I am wanted ... because of my sexual, sexual orientation," he says. "Today I have some hope," Ahmed says. Residents talk about their hope the screening process works, and that everyone gets vetted. "Successful settlement happens when you support one another," Chahal says. Al-Shabaab fighters on the outskirts of Mogadishu, Somalia in 2011. It has been difficult to provide Somalia with the international aid that it needs. This town most people never locked their doors. According to the TDSB, Somali-speaking pupils in Grades 7 and 8 have a reading achievement of 13% in Level 0 or 1 compared with a TDSB student average of 6%, of 33% in Level 2 compared with a student average of 22%, and of 54% in Level 3 or 4 compared with a student average of 72%; a writing achievement of 12% in Level 0 or 1 compared with a student average of 7%, of 36% in Level 2 compared with a student average of 23%, and of 52% in Level 3 or 4 compared with a student average of 70%; and a mathematics achievement of 18% in Level 0 or 1 compared with a student average of 10%, of 31% in Level 2 compared with a student average of 20%, and of 51% in Level 3 or 4 compared with a student average of 70%. Somali refugees in Toronto have formed numerous community associations to cater to their needs. From seven master’s students, the programme is now expanding to 60 learners. The U.N. is providing returnees with transportation, basic household items and three months of food … Despite being thousands of kilometres away, a group of refugees in Kenya’s Dadaab refugee camp are studying at Canada’s York University. (AP Photo/Mohamed Sheikh Nor, File)(CNSNews.com) – Almost 100,000 Somali refugees have been resettled in the United States since 9/11, including 8,619 so far during the current fiscal year. [13], According to the NHS, the average income of the Somali Canadian population aged 15 years and over is $24,182. In Somalia we are providing protection and life-saving to those who have been forced to flee their homes. Most Somalis reportedly learn about countries with large numbers of Somali refugees, including Canada, and the procedures for claiming refugee status, through word of mouth while in transit (COSTI 9 Jan. 1991). "I was telling Seidu that ... we have to give up.". Ahmed Hussen came to Canada from Somalia as a refugee. They took skin from his thigh to help repair the skin burned by frostbite. Somali-speaking students in the 2008 Grade 9 cohort had a graduation rate of 80%, close to the general pupil rate of 83% and the English-speaking student rate of 78%. So the town is preparing. [17] The Somali Youth Association of Toronto/Somali Youth Coalition (SOYAT) offers various social, recreational and educational programs for Somali youth to inculcate volunteerism and leadership. Workers at the "Welcome Place," where her group operates, shuttle back and forth to the border when they get calls about new groups arriving. Cedar-Riverside (also known as ‘Little Mogadishu) is a densely populated, mostly Somali neighbourhood in Minneapolis, where there’s a strong belief that Canada is a haven for refugees. Ioyal says his hands were so frozen it sounded like when glasses are clinked together. Sometimes drivers shuttle for three trips in one day. They all express boundless gratitude for Canadians in general, and those working at the Welcome Place. According to Statistics Canada, there are 44,995 persons of Somali origins in Canada. And then the Canadian border lights were behind them. Both men had dreamed of asylum in the United States. The long journey, the steep price, and the fear had been worth it, the men say. They hatched a plan to leave. Somali deportations began to rise under former President Barack Obama during the same time Canada saw an increase of asylum seekers with criminal records. Ahmed Hussen, who came to Canada as a teenage refugee, was last month elected as the country’s first Somali-born member of parliament. ", Refugees climbed through snow to get to Canada. The men began having sleepless nights because of US President Donald Trump's campaign rhetoric. In a landmark immigration ruling, Canada has granted refugee status to a Somali woman who fled her country with her 10-year-old daughter because she feared that the … They welcome us like we are part of them. Born in Somalia, Hussen escaped to Canada to flee the civil war. Government transfer payments (33.6%) comprise the remainder of the total income, and consist of Canada/Quebec pension plan benefits (0.9%), old age security pensions and guaranteed income supplement (1.4%), employment insurance benefits (2.3%), child benefits (13.1%), and other government transfer income (15.9%). 6–14; The Guardian (2011).Somali refugees abandon babies at Dadaab camp, The Guardian. At one point, the men thought they might die trying to save themselves. [4] 16,030 of Horn-Of-Africa born residents have Canadian citizenship, 1,655 are citizens of Canada and at least one other country, and 5,115 are not Canadian citizens. "Because at the end of that, those people who have been supported are so grateful and they have integrated well and they always, always give back.". ", "I thank to the government of Canada and the people of Canada and to the people at Welcome Place," Hossain says. Ahmed left behind young children when he fled; Hossain's mother is still in Somalia, and tried to dissuade him from making the dangerous border crossing. Canadian law stipulates that asylum seekers cannot simply show up at the border, so they must make their way illegally into Canada. They are running for safety, running for their families," Chahal says. He specifically asked to put it on before he spoke to CNN. [10] Of those, 37,115 were Somali language speakers and 4,315 were recent immigrants.[4]. Chahal says her team will guide them through the asylum process, help them find work and provide skills training. "We traveled the whole day and ... actually we lost the direction," Hossain, 28, says. There is a sizable Somali community in the United Arab Emirates. "People are running for their lives. 42 Somali refugees returned to the Horn of African country from Dadaab Refugee Camp in Kenya as part of the voluntary repatriation program on Saturday. Asylum applications and refugees from Somalia 34,160 people from Somalia have fled in … They called 911, the Royal Canadian Mounted Police officers came, and the men requested asylum. Of these, 4,315 are recent immigrants and 37,115 live in Somali-speaking households. Ahmed Hussen chairs the Canadian Somali Congress, which works closely with national and regional authorities to strengthen civic relations. Among individuals with a post-secondary certificate, diploma or degree, 6,825 studied at an institute within Canada (6,115 in their province or territory of residence, and 710 in another province or territory), and 2,760 studied abroad. [11], Official correctional figures at the population level for Somali residents are uncertain since Canadian law enforcement is prohibited from compiling ethnicity-based crime statistics. Ahmed says he fled death threats from Al-Shabaab. Overall, post-secondary confirmations for Somali-speaking pupils have risen 25% between the 2000-2005 Grade 9 cohort and the 2008-2013 Grade 9 cohort compared with a 10% increase for TDSB students; college and university confirmations are 7% and 17%, respectively, higher than in 2008 and non-applications are 18% lower. [16] Among these are the Somali Canadian Cultural Society of Edmonton (SCCSE), which provides social, educational, recreational, cultural and religious programs and services to the Somali community in Edmonton. The composition of total income for individuals aged 15 years and over primarily consists of market income (66.3%), which includes employment income (62.3%), investment income (1.2%), retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities (1%), and other money income (1.9%). "When somebody comes into a new country, they don't know the language, often, they don't know their way around, so it's really important to help them navigate.". "Something was burning inside me," Mohammed recalls. CNN Sans ™ & © 2016 Cable News Network. It also organizes the annual Somali Youth Recognition Awards, which recognize the achievements of and contributions made to the Somali community by individual Somali youngsters. [9], According to the 2016 National Census, 62,550 people in Canada reported Somali ancestry. "I know if I stay in the United States, I would be deported.". Along with thousands of compatriots, Ahmed Hussen fled war-ravaged Somalia for a better life in Canada. Feb. 17, 2017 (The Canadian Press / Paul Chiasson) [2500x1708] High quality images of the news. The two men from Ghana had no idea the journey would be so emotionally and physically brutal when they set out in December for Canada. Along with thousands of compatriots, Ahmed Hussen fled war-ravaged Somalia for a better life in Canada. Emerson municipality leader Greg Janzen says the town is struggling to balance empathy and concerns about safety. [11], The Somali community in Canada is represented by various Somali-run organizations. Emerson, Manitoba (CNN)Hussein Ahmed and Mohamed Hossain moved as quickly as they could through the waist-deep snow. Neither man even knew what frostbite was. "Sometimes we were crawling," Ahmed, 34, says. Two Ghanaians who suffered frostbite crossing the border from the United States into Canada. Razak Ioyal and Seidu Mohammed know the scars the trek to Canada can leave -- both temporary and long-term. Hussein Ahmed, far right, and Mohamed Hossain, far left, thought they might die during the icy trek this weekend from Minnesota to Canada. Sharmarke Dubow is a Somali refugee, now a Canadian citizen, who is featured in an exhibit called I've Not Always Been Canadian at the Royal … We shouting 'help, help.'". Mohammed says he fled Ghana because he was labeled a criminal. Some have no phone and begin knocking on doors at 2 a.m. or 3 a.m., residents say. Somalis tend to be concentrated in the southern part of the province of Ontario, especially in Ottawa and Toronto. Canada has seen a steady increase in the number of asylum claims from Somalia over the past five years, according to statistics from the federal Immigration and Refugee Board (IRB). Updated 7:28 AM ET, Tue February 14, 2017. Ahmed Hussen came to Canada from Somalia as a refugee. Of these individuals, 3,120 have a college, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma, 2,975 have a university certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above (2,085 with a Bachelor's degree, and 890 with a university certificate, diploma or degree above bachelor level), 935 have an apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma, and 855 have a university certificate or diploma below bachelor level. [5], As with many other immigrant groups in Canada, Somalis have faced some barriers to employment despite including many qualified professionals. But he knows as the weather gets warmer, larger numbers could come across the melting fields. According to data from the U.S. Department of Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE), 65 Somalis were deported in 2014, 120 in … Hossain says he fled discrimination as an ethnic minority in his country, after seeing his family members threatened or killed. Established in 1991 to provide refuge for families fleeing the Somali Civil War, Dadaab consists of four camps: Dagahaley, Hagadera, Ifo, and Ifo 2. Over 870,000 Somalis are registered as refugees in the Horn of Africa and Yemen, while an estimated 2.1 million men, women and children are displaced within the country itself. 61% of Somali-speaking students confirmed an offer of admission to an Ontario post-secondary institute, near the TDSB average of 66%. "That is always in the back of your mind -- when you are getting these people coming in for one thing, they are breaking the law, so right away they are criminals," Janzen says. [8], Many Somali-Canadians from Somalia, Kenya, Ethiopia and Djibouti have returned to their countries of origin to participate in entrepreneurial activities. Many had never seen snow in their home country, let alone walked miles in it. The country became … Was it worth everything they endured? Sixty-nine have come in a month and a half, according to local officials. Rita Chahal, executive director of Manitoba Interfaith Immigration Council, who has been helping those who cross the border. The most common occupations are sales and service occupations (4,590), trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations (2,125), occupations in education, law and social, community and government services (1,860), business, finance and administration occupations (1,685), health occupations (835), natural and applied sciences and related occupations (705), management occupations (685), occupations in manufacturing and utilities (570), occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport (235), and natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations (135). Their homes my fingers, '' Ahmed says estimated that ap… Ahmed Hussen fled war-ravaged Somalia a. 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