` �{-� Low oxygen conditions can occur following treatment. 0000061708 00000 n It is a strong oxidizing agent approved for the purpose to treat ponds. Add 2, 4, 6, 8, and 10 milliliters (mL) of the stock solution (prepared in Step 1) into the five 1-liter samples. Have your fish properly diagnosed and carefully consider the cost. A sample calculation to determine the amount of potassium permanganate required to treat a pond at a 2 mg/L concentration is as follows: Pond volume is measured in acre-feet (surface acreage multiplied by the average water depth in feet). 0000011907 00000 n 25 acre-feet × 2.7 lbs/acre-foot = 67.5 lbs of potassium permanganate to obtain a concentration of 1 mg/L in the pond. After 15 minutes, the 2 mg/L treatment turned brown, but the 4 mg/L treatment still had a faint pink color. A dust mask is advisable to prevent irritation to your respiratory tract. [9] Furthermore, salt dips are also used to treat water molds and help to counteract the osmotic stress in the infected fish with damage skin (Treves-Brown, 2000; and Straus et al., 2009). Therefore, it is important to properly estimate water volume to achieve both a cost-effective and biologically effective treatment. Prepare a 1,000 mg/L stock solution by adding 1,000 milligrams or 1 gram of potassium permanganate to 1 liter of distilled water and mix thoroughly. -contained in zipper bags as well. 0000031625 00000 n The oxidation and bactericidal effect of permanganate does not, … Potassium permanganate is widely used in chemical industry and laboratories as a strong oxidizing agent, and also as a medication for dermatitis, for cleaning wounds, and general disinfection.It is on the WHO Model List of Essential Medicines, the safest and most effective medicines needed in a health system. Prepare a series of test treatments. It is important to note that it’s not viricidal, so it won’t do anything to combat viral infections. Historically it was used to disinfect drinking water. 0000002002 00000 n It will stain you and everything it touches brown. 0000004010 00000 n 5. How to Estimate Water Volume 3.1 Use of Potassium Permanganate in Biofloc Farming Thursday, June 04, 2020 biofloc accessories, biofloc aquaculture, biofloc fish, biofloc shrimp farming, biofloc system, biofloc tank, Equipment, Fish Farming, fish farming business, Tank setup The 15-minute demand is determined as follows: 0000030536 00000 n Potassium permanganate, copper sulfate and formalin have been used for treatment of water mold infection. * Frequent treatment can harm fish. 0000031024 00000 n Contrary to some reports, potassium permanganate does not add significant amounts of oxygen to water and can actually decrease dissolved oxygen concentrations by killing algae that produce much of the oxygen in ponds. A 2 mg/L treatment is usually effective for ponds with relatively clear water. � F�t˜�sH9h:p)�3j5+�����1n�;��+j���e���Ul���:�7�bj����+���s�( � 1. 67.5 lbs of potassium permanganate × 2 = 135 lbs of potassium permanganate to obtain a concentration of 2 mg/L in the pond. The surface area of a square or rectangular pond can be easily estimated by multiplying the pond length by the pond width. Wound Disinfectant. You have estimated a pond to be 5 surface acres, and the pond has an average depth of 5 feet. 0000002916 00000 n Potassium permanganate crystals (or other proprietary ready-for-use solution) is a very effective treatment for a wide range of parasites, bacteria and fungus. 0 The toxicity of potassium permanganate, and its Estimating pond volume can be difficult when a pond has an irregular shape and varying water depth. Ichthyophthiriusmultifiliis is a protozoan parasite. 0000005560 00000 n Potassium permanganate (KMnO 4) is one of the widely used chemical in fish health management. The chemical mixture can be applied by means of a submersible pump or gravity fed from the container into the prop wash of the boat motor. It can take several seconds for the reaction to start a fire – let it be. Potassium permanganate is expensive. If the pond remains pink to purple in color for 8--12 hours, then an effective treatment is assumed to have occurred, and no additional chemical is required. The 4 mg/L treatment is therefore the 15-minute demand. 0000003175 00000 n %PDF-1.4 %���� Be prepared to aerate after treatment. 0000003064 00000 n Small Fish dalne se phle pond me pani ko jaal chla kar fir uske baad kmno4 dal kar saaf,kar lena chahiye. KMnO4 makes a strongly staining purple solution (you can end up with purple fingers) when dissolved in water. The benefits of potassium permanganate: Used to treat parasites in fish and wounds of the fish Used to clean the aquarium, fish pond or tank fish. Scientists found that potassium permanganate quickly stops the parasite in its tracks. 0000017930 00000 n * Potassium permanganate is a strong oxidizer and can burn skin, eyes, and other body parts. However, if within a 12-hour period, the pond turns brown, then an additional 1--2 mg/L treatment is required, depending on how quickly the pond turned brown. 2. The average water depth for ponds with a sloped and flat bottom can be determined by averaging the shallowest and deepest water depths. Overestimating water volume can result in a greater-than-desired concentration of chemical, and may injure or even kill fish. Through the use of potassium permanganate in pretreatment, the substances which cause taste and odor as well as soluble manganese and iron, are oxidized. As with any chemical treatment, it is crucial to accurately estimate the volume of water that is to be treated. Growing applications for potassium permanganate are as a substitute for prechlorination to prevent the formation of trihalomethane (“THM”), a possible carcinogen, and as an inhibitor of zebra mussel attachment. 0000033200 00000 n This process is repeated until all of the required chemical is added to the pond. Multiplying the 4 mg/L demand treatment by 2 gives a recommended pond treatment rate of 8 mg/L. Wastewater treatment: ��+� p�� Wait at least four days before repeating treatment. Glycerin is the most common, but antifreeze will also do the trick. I use potassium permanganate to treat my pond when I want to remove algae and pollutants. Precautions When Using Potassium Permanganate. Wait 15 minutes. Potassium permanganate is an oxidizer which can be used to "disinfect" the external surfaces of fish. 0000010618 00000 n trailer 0000008390 00000 n In 2000, worldwide production was estimated at 30,000 tonnes. KMnO4 oxidizes organic materials dissolved in water and turns into a slightly muddy colored suspension. Mix thoroughly. %%EOF Ingestion of potassium permanganate may result in damage … Here are some of the survival uses for potassium permanganate. Recommended Posts. How to Calculate Amount of Chemical Required Uniform application can be achieved by driving the boar over the entire pond surface. 4. If there is a question as to which rate has a faint pink color, choose the lower treatment rate. endstream endobj 35 0 obj <>stream How to Apply Chemical Background: Potassium permanganate is used clinically as an antiseptic and antifungal agent. Always use safety protective gear including rubber gloves, goggles and old clothes. Formalin is used primarily as an external parasiticide on fish and fish eggs as flush, prolonged, or indefinite treatment for fungus control. In the earlier years potassium permanganate was used in continuous urine infections, vulvovaginitis, vaginal thrush and even vaginal douche after childbirth. 0000009886 00000 n 6. 23 36 Platinum Member; Advanced Members; 868 3,698 posts; Gender: Male; Share; Posted January 26, 2013. For example, it cost approximately $80 to treat a one-acre pond, with an average depth of 5 feet, at a 4 mg/L concentration. Used in Fisheries: As a chemical oxidizing agent, potassium permanganate has also been used in treating diseases in the fish caused by infections of bacterium and fungus or parasite. Abstract. Potassium Permanganate is a class of antioxidants that can release oxygen (oxidation process) so that it can kill germs (baktericidal). One acre-foot is equal to one surface acre with a depth of one foot. 2. Potassium permanganate is an expensive treatment. This method works well when the chemical can be dispersed evenly over the entire surface area of a pond from the shore. 0000001841 00000 n Determining the average depth for ponds with uneven bottoms and widely varying depths requires measurement of water depth at multiple locations in the pond using a simple grid or zig-zag sampling approach, in which all areas of the pond are measured. The Use of Potassium Permanganate in Fish Ponds 2 shallowest and deepest water depths. 0000003535 00000 n 0000001866 00000 n 0000009142 00000 n by Andrew M. Lazur - Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida, * Perform an addition of two integers to avoid spam:1 + 2 =, Effect of protein to energy ratio on growth performance and body composition of red tilapia reared i, The continuing demand for sustainable fishmeal and fish oil in aquaculture diets, An attempt to improve the reproductive efficiency of Nile tilapia brood stock fish, Advances in fish health management: Vaccination of tilapia against streptococcus agalactiae, Health & nutrition developments in the rearing of marine fish larvae, Use of soybean products in aquafeeds: a review. Potassium permanganate, KMnO4 , is a chemical oxidizing agent that will react with any organic matter in a pond including algae, bacteria, fish, particulate and dissolved organic, and organic bottom sediments. compound that is used by aquarists for the disinfecting of plants or ornaments before placement into aquariums The benefits of potassium permanganate: -Used to treat parasites in fish … 0000005666 00000 n A few helpful reminders and precautions before using potassium permanganate include: Potassium permanganate is toxic to phytoplankton and will reduce the over blooms. xref * Be sure you have a problem that warrants treatment. h�b```b``�f`e`��d`@ ���{�XJ���n2M.���i���L�,��+�耪.�+: �#� �Ě`I~f� H��Tmo�6��_qI���"R�H{h���ꀡ+URb �DR����T�m��`�:�w�{Ȼd��A�͘l����!�)yQ&�-:�d��X{�S!�T�KPP^'*.+)4Xk�5RC�ja�쓷lϳ�]h�ߕ��ݒu{ )reit9�����)�|�s�5Bv0�6��>!W�ؔ����J!F��N�2BU��!~([V. The effects of this compound were examined utilizing molecular (Metallothionein) and whole animal endpoints following an 8-week exposure to nominal concentrations of 0.5 (daily) and 1.0 and 2.0 mg/L (on alternate days) of potassium permanganate (PM). Potassium permanganate will start a fire when mixed with a couple of different compounds. Underestimating water volume will result in an insufficient concentration of chemical, and retreatment would be necessary. ozzydom 868 Posted January 26, 2013. ozzydom. 0000002486 00000 n Potassium permanganate is an oxidant heavily used in fish culture. If used at the correct dose will not kill fish but at higher doses it will kill fish. 3. It has been used in fish ponds to treat common fish pathogens such as gill parasites and external bacterial and fungal infections. The test treatment that has the slightest faint pink color after 15 minutes is the correct 15-minute potassium permanganate demand. 0000002951 00000 n How to Determine Permanganate Demand Therefore, a pond with moderate to heavy algal blooms will require a higher treatment rate to neutralize the organic matter in the pond and still achieve the desired concentration of 2 mg/L. * Potassium permanganate can kill algae. For example, a pond with a sloping flat bottom that has a maximum depth of six feet and a minimum depth of four feet would have an average depth of five feet. =�BO���S�)t� �nB7p�'�#�������s�V��w�!tO�����a�� Another method to estimate the amount of potassium permanganate required for effective treatment is to determine the potassium permanganate demand or amount of chemical required to react with all the organic matter in a water sample. 5UE������k��8�!�!�� � � � � � � B�H��H��Ȝ��Ȝ��Ȝ��Ȝ8��-�-��_�;��'��o�7�;�~~-ܗ`_B7��p��= One popular method of treatment is to begin with an application of 2 mg/L potassium permanganate. An important factor to remember is that 1 ppm (or 1 mg/L) is equal to 2.7 pounds of dry chemical per acre-foot of water. However, it is equally effective and safer to use than copper sulfate. Those same properties make it useful for cleaning and disinfecting human wounds and sores. Analytical and organic chemistry- Because of its strong colour and oxidizing nature, potassium permanganate is used in chemistry labs as a reagent to calculate the amount of substance that can be oxidized in a sample. For small ponds (less than one acre), application of the chemical can be achieved by first adding a small portion of the total amount of chemical required for treatment to water in a five-gallon plastic bucket, and then broadcasting this solution over the surface of the pond while walking around the pond. It effectively removes most external parasites, as well as fungal and bacterial agents. 5 acres × 5 foot average depth = 25 acre-feet of water. using it, potassium permanganate can be used instead. 0000025463 00000 n <]/Prev 77471>> Potassium permanganate can be applied at a concentration of 2 mg/L, which will result in a purple-pink color of the water. potassium permanganate Live Fish Disinfect Aquariums Clean 10 30 50 70 90 110 Grams -99.8% Purity Potassium Permanganate. It is recommended that treatment begin in the morning so that the pond can be watched for the next 8- to 12-hour period, and any color change can be easily detected. [7][8]It currently finds application in the control of nuisance organisms such as Zebra mussels in fresh water collection and treatment systems. Potassium Permanganate Kills Fish Parasite By Ben Hardin August 21, 2001. This oxidation process also destroys bacteria and viruses in much the same manner as oxidation with chlorine. 0000011311 00000 n If used correctly, it is perfectly save for your fish and a good alternative to other, more expensive, treatments. Potassium permanganate is commercially available in crystal or powder form. The insoluble manganese and iron are removed by flocculation and filtration. In fact it is just the opposite. 2. Removes iron, manganese, and hydrogen sulfide; eliminates taste, odor, and color; and controls algae growth. 0000000016 00000 n it should be mixed with water before use, and then applied evenly over the entire pond surface to ensure an effective treatment. I am in urgent … 0000001299 00000 n 0000001016 00000 n 1. Potassium permanganate may also be used to oxidise the piscicides such as rotenone and antimycin 7. Fish farmers may soon have a better way to treat a serious parasitic disease of catfish, known as ich or whitespot. Potassium permanganate reacts with organic matter and becomes neutralized and unavailable to treat the target parasite. 0000007614 00000 n Potassium permanganate is a chemical compound that’s used to treat several kinds of skin conditions, including bacterial and fungal infections. This value is then multiplied by 2 to give the recommended treatment rate. Potassium permanganate is good for treating external protozoa and external … 0000033163 00000 n startxref In larger ponds (larger than one acre), a boat equipped with a large take or container and motor is recommended for distributing the chemical. Example: Multiply the 15-minute demand treatment by 2 to get the proper treatment rate for the pond. Potassium permanganate, KMnO4, is a chemical oxidizing agent that will react with any organic matter in a pond including algae, bacteria, fish, particulate and dissolved organic, and organic bottom sediments. It has been used in fish ponds to treat common fish pathogens such as gill parasites and external bacterial and fungal infections. Share Followers 0. 0000025373 00000 n This value is referred to as the permanganate value. 0000001398 00000 n 58 0 obj <>stream Common treatment rates are 2 parts per million (ppm) or milligrams per liter (mg/L) for an indefinite pond application or 10 mg/L for a 10-minute tank treatment. The greater the amount of organic matter in a pond, the more potassium permanganate required to achieve the desired chemical concentration. However, potassium permanganate has been shown to be toxic in itself, with adverse effects observed in some fish at concentrations of 2mg/litre in tap water17. Antifreeze seems to create a reaction that is a little more violent. -you can choose 10 30 50 70 90 110 grams per orders. 1. This procedure measures the 15-minute demand. 23 0 obj <> endobj For example, a pond with a sloping flat bottom that has a maximum depth of six feet and a minimum depth of four feet would have an average depth of five feet. 5 acres × 5 foot average depth = 25 acre-feet of water. In a dilute solution is a antioxidant. Farming in Thailand Forum ; Potassium Permanganate (Condy,s Crystals) Potassium Permanganate (Condy,s Crystals) By ozzydom, January 26, 2013 in Farming in Thailand Forum. The reason you might find the chemical in pet stores or aquariums is that potassium permanganate is often used to treat bacterial infections in fish. 3. Treatment Rate Actual treatment rates in ponds will vary depending on the amount of organic matter, or organic load, in the water. It has been used in fish ponds to treat common fish pathogens such as gill parasites and external bacterial and fungal infections. 0000004875 00000 n In aquaculture, potassium permanganate is used to treat a variety of fish ailments with varying effectiveness via dissolving crystals of the compound in water. fill the water into the container and put potassium permanganate down the water and soak them about 1 day. 1. The germicidal effect of iodine and bromine is based on its concentration. 2. 0000006789 00000 n A series of 1-liter pond water samples was treated with potassium permanganate stock solution. The primary disadvantage of potassium permanganate is its high cost. Example: 0000014556 00000 n Be very careful when using either. If fish do not respond to treatment, reevaluate them to confirm the diagnosis. endstream endobj 24 0 obj <>>> endobj 25 0 obj <>/ExtGState<>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text]/XObject<>>>/Rotate 0/TrimBox[0.0 0.0 612.0 792.0]/Type/Page>> endobj 26 0 obj [27 0 R] endobj 27 0 obj <>/Border[0 0 0]/H/N/Rect[466.104 131.86 542.985 121.643]/Subtype/Link/Type/Annot>> endobj 28 0 obj <> endobj 29 0 obj <> endobj 30 0 obj [/ICCBased 47 0 R] endobj 31 0 obj <> endobj 32 0 obj <> endobj 33 0 obj <> endobj 34 0 obj <>stream Collect five 1-liter samples of the pond water. Potassium permanganate, KMnO4 , is a chemical oxidizing agent that will react with any organic matter in a pond including algae, bacteria, fish, particulate and dissolved organic, and organic bottom sediments. Your local Soil Conservation Service or County Extension Service Office can provide assistance in determining pond acreage for irregularly- shaped ponds. Cleaning fresh food of fish. It is commonly used to disinfect nauplei and larvae in hatcheries and also culture farms. At the same time, in the special fish, shrimp, fry and other precious aquatic products during the breeding process, for the prevention of Vibrio, bleeding and other diseases, the use of potassium hydrogen persulfate compound salt products can achieve better preventive effect, Pathogens cause drug resistance, and have a good effect on water quality improvement. Potassium permanganate is a purple crystal, easily soluble in water and produce concentrated purple solutions. potassium permanganate required to treat a pond at a 2 mg/L concentration is as follows: The Use of Potassium Permanganate in Fish Ponds 2 Example: You have estimated a pond to be 5 surface acres, and the pond has an average depth of 5 feet. * Be sure to estimate water volume accurately, and disperse the chemical evenly over the entire pond to prevent hot spots, areas of the pond with excessive amounts of chemical. Agent approved for the purpose to treat common fish pathogens such as gill parasites external... When the chemical can be difficult when a pond, the 2 mg/L, which will result in a color! Treatment rates in ponds will vary depending on the amount of organic matter, or organic,! Chemical is added to the pond the average water depth in feet ) dissolved in.... Use potassium permanganate is an oxidant heavily used in fish culture volume to achieve the desired concentration. The insoluble manganese and iron are removed by flocculation and filtration eggs as flush, prolonged, or organic,... 2 = 135 lbs of potassium permanganate to obtain a concentration of 2 mg/L treatment brown! Acre-Feet ( surface acreage multiplied by 2 gives a recommended pond treatment rate the. Is advisable to prevent irritation to your respiratory tract use safety protective gear including gloves! Dust mask is advisable to prevent irritation to your respiratory tract, kar lena chahiye lbs. To treat common fish pathogens such as gill parasites and external bacterial and fungal.... Expensive, treatments to phytoplankton and will reduce the over blooms result in a purple-pink color of the and... You and everything it touches brown determined by averaging the shallowest and deepest depths! ; Posted January 26, 2013 question as to which rate has a faint pink color well as fungal bacterial! Uniform application can be used to disinfect nauplei and larvae in hatcheries and also culture.... Antifungal agent iodine and bromine is based on its concentration disinfect '' the external of... And biologically effective treatment to phytoplankton and will reduce the over blooms for ponds with depth. Most external parasites, as well as fungal and bacterial agents a class of that. Which will result in an insufficient concentration of 1 mg/L in the water into the container put. The cost put potassium permanganate to obtain a concentration of chemical, then. Fish but at higher doses it will kill fish the purpose to treat a parasitic! Permanganate Live fish disinfect Aquariums Clean 10 30 50 70 90 110 Grams per orders question as which. Permanganate to obtain a concentration of chemical, and may injure or even kill fish a fire mixed. Deepest water depths is a strong oxidizer and can burn skin, eyes, and then applied evenly the! Iron are removed by flocculation and filtration kar saaf, kar lena chahiye actual treatment in. Permanganate quickly stops the parasite in its tracks rate of 8 mg/L and... Chemical can be achieved by driving the boar over the entire pond surface to an. Platinum Member ; Advanced Members ; 868 3,698 posts ; Gender: ;! To treatment, reevaluate them to confirm the diagnosis permanganate, copper sulfate and formalin been! Water mold infection chemical is added to the pond Members ; 868 3,698 posts ; Gender: Male Share. 15 minutes is the most common, but the 4 mg/L demand treatment by 2 to give the recommended rate! Used chemical in fish ponds to treat the target parasite mask is advisable to prevent irritation your. The widely used chemical in fish ponds to treat a serious parasitic disease catfish. It be and unavailable to treat a serious parasitic disease of catfish, known as or! Widely used chemical in fish ponds to treat common fish pathogens such as gill parasites and bacterial. An external parasiticide on fish and fish eggs as flush, prolonged, or load... Of treatment is therefore the 15-minute demand is based on its concentration important to properly estimate water volume can in. Few helpful reminders and precautions before using potassium permanganate can be applied at a of. Catfish, known as ich or whitespot the diagnosis determining pond acreage irregularly-. Until all of the widely used chemical in fish culture to other, expensive! Other body parts several kinds of skin conditions, including bacterial and fungal infections Aquariums Clean 10 50... Sloped and flat bottom can be applied at a concentration of chemical, may! Value is referred to as the permanganate value acre with a couple different. Depth = 25 acre-feet × 2.7 lbs/acre-foot = 67.5 lbs of potassium is... Choose 10 30 50 70 90 110 Grams -99.8 % Purity potassium permanganate can be by! Insoluble manganese and iron are removed by flocculation and filtration antifreeze seems to create reaction... Oxygen ( oxidation process ) so that it ’ s used to treat several kinds of skin conditions, bacterial! Will vary depending on the amount of organic matter, or indefinite treatment for fungus control perfectly for. Relatively clear water the external surfaces of fish is advisable to prevent irritation your. Effective and safer to use than copper sulfate and formalin have been used in ponds... Acreage multiplied by the pond width effective for ponds with a depth one! × 2.7 lbs/acre-foot = 67.5 lbs of potassium permanganate is commercially available in crystal or powder form to chemical. Depth for ponds with a sloped and flat bottom can be used.. And viruses in much the same manner as oxidation with chlorine the germicidal effect of iodine and bromine based. An application of 2 mg/L treatment turned brown, but antifreeze will also do the trick a class of that... Is determined as follows: 1 has a faint pink color after minutes... Also destroys bacteria and viruses in much the same manner as oxidation with chlorine when mixed with before! Of treatment is to be treated saaf, kar lena chahiye the reaction to a... Down the water both a cost-effective and biologically effective treatment pond length by the pond length the. It be pond water samples was treated with potassium permanganate is a little more violent effective! Alternative to other, more expensive, treatments Clean 10 30 50 70 90 110 per! Overestimating water volume will result in a greater-than-desired concentration of chemical, and retreatment would be necessary eyes! Approved for the reaction to start a fire when mixed with water before use, and may injure even... Produce concentrated purple solutions can be determined by averaging the shallowest and deepest water.. To one surface acre with a couple of different compounds those same properties make it useful cleaning. Has the slightest faint pink color, choose the lower treatment rate matter... `` disinfect '' the external surfaces of fish same properties make it useful for cleaning disinfecting! Ich or whitespot gives a recommended pond treatment rate pani ko jaal chla kar fir uske baad kmno4 dal saaf... Color after 15 minutes is the correct dose will not kill fish but at higher it... ’ t do anything to combat viral infections mixed with a sloped and bottom... Same manner as oxidation with chlorine in crystal or powder form fish but at higher doses it will stain and... You and everything it touches brown a strong oxidizer and can burn skin, eyes, and injure... Small fish dalne se phle pond me pani ko jaal chla kar fir uske baad kmno4 dal kar,. Fish dalne se phle pond me pani ko jaal chla kar fir uske kmno4... Me pani ko jaal chla kar fir uske baad kmno4 dal kar saaf, kar lena chahiye a mg/L. Both a cost-effective and biologically effective treatment the container and put potassium permanganate in fish ponds 2 and! Couple of different compounds chemical can be easily estimated by multiplying the 4 mg/L still. To note that it ’ s used to disinfect nauplei and larvae in and! Reduce the over blooms water before use, and then applied evenly over the entire surface... Several seconds for the reaction to start a fire – let it be popular method of treatment is effective... Use, and other body parts Conservation Service or County Extension Service Office can provide assistance in determining pond for. Oxidation with chlorine ) is one of the required chemical is added the..., so it won ’ t do anything to combat viral infections, goggles and old.... Is usually effective for ponds with a sloped and flat bottom can be used instead recommended treatment.. The water one popular method of treatment is therefore the 15-minute demand insufficient concentration of 2 mg/L in the.. Volume potassium permanganate to treat my pond when i want to remove algae and pollutants effectively. Stops the parasite in its tracks kmno4 oxidizes organic materials dissolved in water and soak them about day! ’ t do anything to combat viral infections to your respiratory tract required achieve! Clinically as an external parasiticide on fish and fish eggs as flush, prolonged, or organic load in. In its tracks of chemical, and other body parts the permanganate value is perfectly save for fish. I use potassium permanganate, potassium permanganate is an oxidizer which can be difficult when a pond from shore. Volume can be dispersed evenly over the entire surface area of a square rectangular... Estimated by multiplying the 4 mg/L treatment turned brown, but antifreeze will also the... Volume to achieve both a cost-effective and biologically effective treatment some of the water oxygen ( oxidation )... The germicidal effect of iodine and bromine is based on its concentration and iron are removed flocculation... To start a fire – let it be is its high cost insufficient concentration of chemical, and applied! Serious parasitic disease of catfish, known as ich or whitespot difficult a! Driving the boar over the entire surface area of a pond has an irregular shape varying... Achieve both a cost-effective and biologically effective treatment mg/L potassium permanganate in fish ponds treat! Oxidizes organic materials dissolved in water commercially available in crystal or powder form as flush, prolonged, indefinite!