Germination time: one month to one year in the light. Provide support. White Flower Farm® is a registered trademark of White Flower Farm, Inc. In summer water freely, applying a quarter strength balanced liquid fertiliser at every third watering. Of all of the hardy orchids for sale, none are easier to grow than Bletilla. Though there are many types of orchid Bletilla flowers in the early spring with white or purple flowers. Native: Oriental. The plant is suitable to grow in medium or loamy soils. Propagate: clumps can be divided once flowering has finished. Bletilla, common name urn orchid, is a temperate, terrestrial genus of orchids containing five currently recognized species distributed through China, Japan, Taiwan, south to Vietnam, Thailand and Myanmar. Growing Region: Zones 9 to 10. Growing hardy orchids here in the United States need a rich, loamy soil similar to that of the woodland floor. P.O. Keep the whole pot enclosed inside a clean plastic bag for several … Cut back to the ground in autumn. South Jordan, Utah. You may also enjoy the following growing guides: How to grow Orchis and Martynia plants. We recommend against fertilizing at planting time and during the first growing season in your garden. Securely stake the stem it is growing on, and trim it back. Transplant emerging seedlings to pots. The flowering is at its best at the beginning of the summer (June, July). Following the flowering, the foliage, fairly persistent, remains green at least until October before fading and disappearing completely. Keep dry in winter while plants are dormant. To zone 5 with a lot of loving care. The clusters of long-lasting flowers on slender stems and the deeply veined, Iris-like leaves arise from tuber-shaped rootstocks (corm-like pseudobulbs). Regular watering. Miscellaneous: Inflorescent shoots are annual in nature. Chesapeake, Virginia The plants have rose-purple petals and sepals, highlighted by a purple lip with yellow markings. Late winter to early spring. Bletilla Root stocks should be buried just below the surface in late winter to early spring. I grow Bletilla here in NJ, zone 6b. In areas of high winter rainfall a pot over the clump may also be useful. Dig a hole approximately 15cm (6in) deep so that there is plenty of room for the roots to take hold. Orchid-like. Sprinkle the seeds on to the moss. Its beautiful, fan-like pleated leaves are showy in the spring through the summer. Many gladioli also survive winters in our gardens, thanks to global warming—every cloud has a silver lining! I tried them on several spots in the garden and always lost them. Do not grow in an area that receives afternoon sun in hotter areas. We fertilize perennials just once--in early spring--with a light but even coverage of a balanced, granular fertilizer (such 10-10-10 or an organic fertilizer). #mc_embed_signup{background:#fff; clear:left; font:14px Helvetica,Arial,sans-serif; } Proper planting Orchid Bletilla Growing blats can occur from pseudobulb or seed. These spring-flowering perennial hardy orchids are quite durable in a wide range of garden conditions. How to Grow Bletilla Orchids Orchids can be grown from either seed or root stocks, if growing Bletilla outdoors then seeds should be sown in the surface from early spring on to the middle of summer. Plant them in moist but well-drained, rich, and organic soil. Spring to the middle of summer. The best time to plant Bletilla is in spring before growth commences. I planted them years ago smack against my very sunny South facing house wall and they do thrive there. More plants can be created by dividing large clumps of plants after they have flowered. Hardy Orchid. Temperature 65 to 70°F (18 to 21°C). Pseudobulbs/root: cover. This relatively easy-to-grow orchid produces slender, pleated leaves. Mix in peat and leaf mold to the soil. Most established plants grow best if fertilized with a light hand. Fertilize in early spring with a balanced, slow-release fertilizer. Some need the winter chill to flower properly and may take a couple of years to exhibit optimum bloom quality. Please note that more is not better. Roslyn, New York. GardenersHQ © 2005-2021 Dean Ravenscroft / Thank you for visiting my gardening site; 2021 - 01 - 12 : Privacy Policy. The best conditions to grow this plant is in the ground in a nice rich loam that is constantly moist in full sun. Morning sun and afternoon shade is ideal when growing hardy orchids. Fertilizer/Soil and pH: Grow in moist, well-drained soil rich in humus. We recommend against fertilizing at planting time and during the first growing season in your garden. In late spring, arching stems of pink orchid flowers appear. Bletilla striata In this video we look at how to plant and divide Bletilla striata which is commonly called the ‘Chinese Ground Orchid’. When the stem above the baby dies, it might even flower on its own. Where Bletilla is not winter hardy (Zone 5 and colder), it can be grown in containers and brought indoors. N/A: plant does not set seed, flowers are sterile, or plants will not come true from seed. Green. Keep dry in winter Propagation Divide in … Water thoroughly after planting and give new plants a good soaking once a week during summer, unless rainfall is plentiful (more than 1 inch per week). Description This plant is a great addition to a partial shade area of the garden with moderate moisture and substantial organic matter in the soil. When in doubt, don't water. Lipped. Orchid seeds should be placed on damp blotting paper in a dish. Life Cycle: Hardy perennial. Height: 12 to 24 inches (30 to 60 cm). and Polytoma Lour. Terrestrial Orchid ‘Kate’ PPAF (Bletilla yokohama) Hardy terrestrial orchids are exotic perennials that can be grown in outdoor gardens (zones 6 and higher). Bletilla then go into their winter dormancy. Family: Orchidaceae. Bletilla striata can last for years in our Long Island gardens and will grow to be 16” tall. Bletilla striata (Chinese Ground Orchid) The 9 species of Bletilla, of which the most popular is Bletilla striata, the Chinese Ground Orchid, are terrestrial orchids that are hardy in places where the ground doesn't freeze. We recommend moving this block and the preceding CSS link to the HEAD of your HTML file. Fertilizer/Soil and pH: Grow in moist, well-drained soil rich in humus. Chinese Ground Orchid. K. van Bourgondien's No-Risk Guarantee. Plants should then be cut back to the ground following flowering. Subscribe to enjoy gardening advice, email offers & more, Keep up with White Flower Farm on Social Media. If you have always thought hardy orchids were difficult to grow, then give a bletilla a try. They should be transplanted at a distance of 20 to 25 cm in well drained peat rich soil in a shaded area of the garden. If the plant is in the garden it is important to put a deep mulch over the plant in October. Box 50, Route 63 ~ Litchfield, Connecticut 06759 ~ 1-800-503-9624 Free Catalog! Available for Kindle (MOBI), iPad (ePub) and as a PDF. Pseudobulbs should have a uniform color, be strong and devoid of signs of rotting. This will prevent weeds from growing around the plant and also help retain moisture in the soil. Sow Outside: Seeds: Surface. With sufficient mulching, these can be cold hardy orchids down to USDA zones 5-6. This institution is an equal opportunity provider. /* Add your own MailChimp form style overrides in your site stylesheet or in this style block. An alternative is to grow Bletilla in containers and bring them indoors for the winter. We invite you to browse our website, and to join our email list for special offers and useful gardening tips. They are beautiful plants and should be grown where they can be seen, such as by shaded paths or even in barrels. The new Bletilla shoots appear during April and open out into a bouquet of leaves in the spring. A real curiosity, treasured in the shady rock garden. All contents © 2021 White Flower Farm All rights reserved. Erect racemes. Bletilla ‘Kate’ is a vigorous plant with long sword-shaped leaves. Fill a pot with sterilized, chopped, sphagnum moss and dampen it with soft, lime-free water (Not from your tap if you get furry limescale in your kettle though). Foliage: Lance-shaped. For best flowering, give it a period at or near freezing; mulch during winter. Bletillas will respond to good feeding throughout the season, using a high potash liquid fertilizer at ¼ normal dilution. Therefore, it likes moist (specifically medium moisture), rich (organically enriched) soil that is well-drained. Once seeds germinate they should be transferred to pots with moist soil and kept in light at about 20 degrees Celsius. In this video we take a large clump of Bletilla Striata and propagate the many bulbs that have been growing for over 3 years in a pot. Protect from slugs. I hope that you enjoyed this guide on how to grow Bletilla orchids. Bletilla striata - the hyacinth orchid - is a species of flowering plant in the orchid family Orchidaceae, native to Japan and China. Apply a quarter strength balanced liquid fertiliser with every third watering. Best grown in organically rich, medium moisture, well-drained soil in part shade. Light/Watering: Full sun to partial shade, protected from afternoon sun. Established plants can generally get by on less water, but most grow best if the soil remains evenly moist. They shouldn't be confused with the Ground Orchid, Spathoglottis plicata. After flowering, continue to provide regular moisture to plants for the remainder of the growing season. Bletilla is a half hardy perennial, and is commonly referred to as the orchid. Bletilla 'Brigantes' (Brigantes Chinese Ground Orchid) This 1994 Richard Evenden introduction is a seed grown cultivar from a cross between Bletilla striata x Bletilla ochracea. The name is actually a diminutive of Bletia because of the resemblance between the two genera even though Bletia is a New World genus. Buy Hardy Ground Orchid Mix (Bletilla striata) at Wholesale Price on DutchBulbs.com - Growers of quality Dutch Bulbs & Perennials since 1893. The genera Jimensia Raf. How to propagate Bletilla It is possible to propagate Bletilla by division in autumn or by seed. At the end of November, when the leaves have faded, the floral scape can be cut, preserving a ste… Mulch the soil with organic matter such as pine needles. Spacing 6 to 12 inches (15 to 30 cm). Some afternoon shade is essential in hot St. Louis summers. Bletilla striata is hardy down to a temperature of 25°F (-3.5°C). The dish should then be covered with cling-film. May be best to lift plants once they are dormant and store indoors in a frost free area. Flowers: Early summer. It is not very easy to grow Bletilla from seeds indoors, but certainly possible. Bletilla Root stocks should be buried just below the surface in late winter to early spring. If a concentrated, water-soluble fertilizer is used, please follow the manufacturers' recommendations carefully. Sow Inside: Sow fresh seeds in a saucer upon blotting paper or a soaked towel. This plant is said to grow outdoors in the following regions: Gwynn Oak, Maryland. Keep dry in winter while plants are dormant. Leave it there at least until it has several healthy roots … Up to fourteen flowers per shoot. Since 1950 we have been providing a wide range of perennials, annuals, bulbs, shrubs, vines, amaryllis, gardening tools & supplies, and gifts for gardeners. Orchids can be grown from either seed or root stocks, if growing Bletilla outdoors then seeds should be sown in the surface from early spring on to the middle of summer. It however is just as happy in … Easily grown in organically rich, moist, well-drained soils in part shade. If you enjoy the information on this site, then you'll love my book: The Gardener's HQ Plant Growing Guide. > Growing Bletilla using laboratory methods would probably cut a year > off the time to flowering. */. If planted in any reasonable compost that doesn’t sour, it will grow and if given adequate sunshine it will also flower. Once in position, water thoroughly and deeply to settle the soil in place and to encourage a healthy root development. Soil pH 5.5 to 7.0. Mulch with pine needles or other organic material to discourage weed growth and to conserve moisture. Transplant outdoors following the last frost. It begins flowering in June and the bloom cycle lasts up to 2 months. Although fairly hardy, it may be grown in a pot to overwinter inside where winters are extremely cold. The house wall did the trick for me. Regional. Good drainage. The potting mixture is as for terrestrial orchid – sphagnum, cocoa chips, debris, bark, perlite and some soil, but some grow Bletilla in a pure soil for African Violets. Orchids can then be transplanted outside after the last frost of spring. It forms a clump 50 centimetres (20 in) tall with sword-shaped leaves and bright pink flowers in Spring. A deciduous terrestrial Orchid for woodland gardens, with blossoms that resemble little Cattleyas opening in June and July. As for pH, the plant tolerates both acidic and alkaline soils well. In zone 5 provide a heavy mulch. Requirements: Partial and full shade. Keep the soil moist during active growth reducing the volume provided in winter. From there they were planted out and > began flowering 3-4 years from sowwing, which is remarkably quick > compared to most other orchids. Germination may take up to a whole year, but as little as a month. Flower Details: Purple, white, yellow. Continuing Care: Easy to grow, Bletilla will spread to form generous clumps. We also offer gardening advice and how-to information to gardeners throughout the United States. Bletilla striata photograph by Cliff1066. Plants need time to settle in before being pushed to grow. In zones 6 to 7 provide a moderate mulch made from straw or leaves. When in doubt, don't water. Established plants can generally get by on less water, but most grow best if the soil remains evenly moist. The stem of the orchid is typically 30 to 50 cm in height, and Bletilla has leaves that are lance shaped. They should be planted in prepared soil to a depth of 5 cm and at a distance of 15 cm from each other. How to care for Bletilla Please note that more is not better. Half hardy perennial. Common Names: Orchid. White Flower Farm • 1-800-503-9624, Blackmore & Langdon Begonias & Delphiniums, Customer-Favorite Annual Container Designs, Fertilizer & Supplies for Annual Containers, All Preplanned Gardens & Plant Collections, Discounted Gift Certificates Available Now, Add a $50 Gift Card to Your Bouquet or Gift Set for Just $25, Growing Bletilla (Hardy Chinese Ground Orchid). Next cover the saucer with glass or cling film. Cultivation Under glass, grow in loamed-based potting compost (JI No.2) with added leaf mould, in bright filtered or bright indirect light. White Flower Farm is a family-owned mail-order nursery located in northwestern Connecticut. The care of Bletilla orchids is not the easiest of things. A leaf growing on a flower stem probably is a baby orchid starting to grow. After flowering, continue to provide regular moisture to plants for the rest of the growing season. Bletilla Orchids will require regular fertilizing and watering. Substrate, growing media and repotting: Bletilla striata need a well draining humus rich potting mix containing loam and leaf mulch and some fertilizer should be used that should last for 3 to 4 years to avoid the need for repotting. This beauty will naturalize and spread modestly by creeping rhizomes and by seed dispersal in ideal growing conditions. A normal shape 250mm diameter nursery pot is best. Plant corm-like pseudobulbs to 4” deep in spring. The best time to plant an orchid is spring. Regular feed. Plant the corm-like pseudobulbs (or tuberous rhizomes) about four inches apart and two to three inches deep in rich, organic, well-drained but consistently moist soil. You may wish to initially grow this plant in a pot so that it can be stored in a frost-fee environment over winter. 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For special offers and useful gardening tips available for Kindle how to grow bletilla MOBI ), rich and... It is important to put a deep mulch over the plant in the rock... Leaves that are lance shaped the plants have rose-purple petals and sepals, by! Bletilla growing blats can occur from pseudobulb or seed have a uniform color, be strong and devoid of of! Not set seed, flowers are sterile, or plants will not come true from seed frost of.. To enjoy gardening advice and how-to information to gardeners throughout the United States need a,! Established plants can be divided once flowering has finished durable in a rich... Will also Flower ), it might even Flower on its own down to a temperature 25°F., Virginia Bletillas will respond to good feeding throughout the United States a. Years ago smack against my very sunny South facing house wall and they thrive. To Japan and China gardeners throughout the season, using a high potash liquid fertilizer at ¼ dilution. 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