Most blossoms are singles, but there are double blossom varieties available. Flowers are thought to bear a resemblance to bats; thus, it is nicknamed the bat flower or bat plant. Plants found in grasslands have low growing points to accommodate for grazing herd animals. These vessels are opened and the latex which runs out is collected in buckets. There are over 1.9 million rubber trees growing in the Amazon Rainforest. Foliage is appealing and comes in a variety of colors from green to reddish black or burgundy to purplish to variegated shades of yellowish green. Spider plants form plantlets that hang down and create an attractive display. Pines 6. They are considered low maintenance annuals that grow best in shade. Ficus is a tropical evergreen and member of the 850 species Moraceae family which includes shrubs, vines and woody trees. The plant requires little maintenance and is grown in gardens, borders, hanging baskets and as a household plant. Sansevieriatrifasciata is nicknamed viper’s bowstring hemp, snake plant, Saint George’s Sword and mother-in-laws’s tongue. Indigenous to Central America and Mexico, it is also called tarovine or split-leaf philodendron. It is a seasonal bloomer producing small ivory flowers on spikes. Flowers come in shades of pink, gold, white or orange. Labeled as a broadleaf evergreen, the Euphorbia plant grows best in full sun. The Ryukyu Islands’ variety is cold hardy, but other varieties are intolerant of frost. Try these curated collections . Care requirements are low. Also known as painter’s palette, flamingo lily, tailflower and laceleaf, Anthurium produces flowers in brilliant waxy red to shades of red. The fig is now able to capture more sunlight and draw up more nutrients than its host, which eventually dies. Grow originally in the Pacific Islands, Malaysia and northern Australia, it has become a popular ornamental houseplant. in Biological Sciences from University of Maryland. Discover The World’s Freshwater Habitats, North American Animals List. Whether indoor or outdoor, palms add a strong tropical vibe in any space you place them. Sometimes a single tree can be home to many different epiphyte species, together weighing several tonnes. of 53,562. design tree leaf banana bush tropical wedding tropical leaf tropical watercolor frame watercolor palm branch flowers garden white background print tropical paradise black and white vector palm foliage isolated. Norfolk Island pines may great houseplants. There is also a class of evergreen, or non-herbaceous, perennials, including plants like Bergenia which retain a mantle of leaves throughout the year. The following are some examples of tropical plants to be used in tropical gardens or as indoor plants. Canna Tropicana The hot, bright colours of Cannas lend themselves well to bold, tropical plantings. Other orchids have roots that spread out over the branch of the host tree, capturing water without needing to bury into the ground. Leaves are bipinnately compound which translates into leaflets that are divided into additional leaflets. Adaptations can include such traits as narrow leaves, waxy surfaces, sharp spines and specialized root systems. In the tropics, begonias range in size from 8 inches to 12 feet in height. Its fruit is food for many rainforest animals. The weeping fig requires full sun to part shade and requires low maintenance. Approximately, 6 to 8 flowers will bloom at the top of this leafless stem. It is a broadleaf evergreen and member of the Fabaceae family. Photo: Dick Culbert (cropped / resized by ActiveWild) [CC BY 2.0]Tualang trees grow in the rainforests of Southeast Asia. The water is used not only by the plant, but also by many rainforest animals. At maturity, plants produce scented greenish-white flowers in spring. Today, cultivators come in a multitude of colors from bicolor, scarlet red, blue, lavender, orange and pink. The Amazon water lily is an aquatic plant that grows in the lakes and rivers of South American rainforests. The Hippeastrum species has been used to develop the hybrid Amaryllis bulb commonly found today. This tropical rainforest plants list includes flowers with special adaptations, trees with unusual root structures, and many plants that are used by man either for food or to make other goods and products. Despite this, the fruit is a popular food. Many of the plants in this tropical rainforest plants list are epiphytes. The Asclepias curassavica draws hummingbirds, bees and butterflies to its bright red-orange or yellow flowers. The plant likes low light. Aloe Vera is a tropical herbaceous perennial and has been nicknamed aloe or medicinal aloe. Typical leaf colors include green, white, pink and red with splashes and blotches. They grow in African, Asian and Australasian rainforests. It is a member of the 4 species Asparagales family. This article is part of our Rainforest Series. Sweet potato plants grow from tubers and are native to Mexico. Plants reach heights of 3 to 6 feet with 2 to 3 foot spreads. Despite this, it still makes up only 1% (5 billion) of the 390 billion trees in the region. Its ornamental appearance is largely due to the vividly colored foliage containing irregular splashes of green, pink, yellow, red, orange, purple and bronze. Wahiawa Botanical Garden: Great Examples of Tropical Plants - See 151 traveler reviews, 202 candid photos, and great deals for Wahiawa, HI, at Tripadvisor. Shady Style: Patios with Pergolas Larches 10. As members of the Araceae family and perennials, Peace Lilies grow in shady to partially shady locations. Gleaming leaves about 6 inches long circle around the leafstalk in groups of 7 to 9. This love is mainly because of the exotic look of tropical flowers and their durable nature. News and facts about animals, natural history and science. Leaves are bright green and glossy, clustering around splashy snow-white flowers. Care requirements are minimal. Flowers of outdoor varieties develop an ivory-white blossom on a spadix that is covered with a light green spathe. In its native habitat, the Norfolk Island pine may grow to heights of 200 feet with spreads up to 25 feet. 298 327 48. Commercial varieties have green leaves and occasionally produce light pink or purple trumpet-shaped flowers. In the rain forests, weeping figs grow to heights of 50 feet, have simple waxy leaves and produce flowers that require specific wasp pollination with the development of figs following. As the fig grows, its roots descend to the forest floor. multicolored floral painting. source 4. The strangler fig lattice, which is often formed by more than one fig, is by then strong enough to support its own weight. A member of the Strelitziacea family, Bird of Paradise plants grow well indoors or out. Unlike a number of their green-leaved relations, they’re much more hardy. Growing from a rhizome, the Japanese banana needs shelter from strong winds and plenty of space for optimal growth. Read on to find out if your favourite tropical flower made the cut. It is a member of the Dioscoreaceae or yam family and grows from rhizomes. Cannas grow best in full sun and are considered low maintenance plants. This greens industry owner supplies a … Ornamental varieties do well as potted or greenhouse plants. Amaryllis grow from 1 to 2 feet in height and spread from 9 to 12 inches. With loud colors and large foliage, tropical plants are most commonly thought of as exotic plants. Ficus Elastica or rubber tree plant is also known as the rubber bush, rubber fig or India rubber tree. Epipremnum aureum also commonly skirts across the ground in lengths reaching 40 feet with spreads ranging from 3 to 6 feet. http://gardeningsolutions.ifas.ufl.edu/plants/ornamentals/begonias.html, http://www.aos.org/orchids/orchids-a-to-z/letter-p/psychopsis.aspx, https://www.ndsu.edu/pubweb/chiwonlee/plsc211/student%20papers/articles04/Olivia%20Tkach/otkach.htm, https://www.nature.com/articles/srep28598. Lianas: plants form in a shape as a vine. Cordyline fruticosa grows from rhizomes which are edible and used as a food source in Hawaii. They are grown as ornamental plants in other areas. Leaves are mixed with shades of white, green and yellow. The vanilla orchid was first used as a flavouring by the Aztecs. Tubers are harvested for making “poi”. They attach themselves to the host tree by wrapping their roots around its branches. Some species of bamboo can grow 90 cm (3 ft.) in one day! Canna indica is a weed in some areas, so don’t plant it. Caladiums grow from tubers and rarely flower. Taro is also known as an elephant ear, jack-in-the-pulpit, or calla lily plant. Considered a shrub, it reaches heights of 4 feet and spreads about 3 feet. Cultivators come in heights from 1 to 6 feet with spreads of 1 to 5 feet. The only way out of the bucket is through a part of the flower that attaches pollen to the bee’s body. Amaryllis bulbs sprout on a plump hollow stem. You may also hear them called tail flowers, flamingo flowers, or laceleaf. Blooms occur during mid to late summer and appear purplish, reddish, or brown. Greenish-white flowers are produced on mature plants with optimum conditions. What about tropical plants and places you can visit? The small trees grow in low light with minimal care and have become popular house plants. These thorny plants grow as vines and shrubs. 5,356,179 tropical plants stock photos, vectors, and illustrations are available royalty-free. Its fruit is edible, and an important food in the Amazon region. This needled evergreen does not produce flowers but can be planted from seeds or “terminal cuttings.” The Norfolk Island pine produces male and female seed cones. Heliconias are popular ornamental plants in many parts of the world. They are typically smaller plants, hardly ever over six feet of height. Ornamental cultivars grow to more manageable heights of 1 to 10 feet. Despite the fact that Devil’s ivy is so popular and can be grown everywhere, its flowers are rarely seen because of the shy-flowering nature due to gibberellin (GA) deficiency. Yucca elephantipes (also known as spineless yucca, yucca gigantea) is a broadleaf evergreen originating in Mexico. The Brugmansia plant reaches maturity between 5 and 6 feet in height and circumference and is considered a small tree or shrub. She enjoys writing about plants that grow all over the world and tries her hand at growing several new-to-her flower species each year. Ornamental varieties reach between 6 to 8 feet and have waxen leaves similar to the philodendron plant. This scent attracts the flies which will pollinate the flower. Other varieties are shrubs and climbers. It remains standing even when the host tree has rotted away. Crassula ovata is a drought resistant broadleaf evergreen and member of the Crassulaceae family. (It’s completely free, you can unsubscribe at any time, and we’ll never share your details.). Natural rubber has many uses, including car tyres, hoses, pulley belts and clothing. Insects fall into the plant’s tube-like body after having been lured in with nectar or tempting scents. Leaves are variegated with yellowish to white centers with bright green edgings. As we’ll find, some rainforest plants have even co-evolved with animals, forming relationships that are beneficial for both. As a native plant, Monstera deliciosa vine wraps around trees, attaching itself with aerial roots and covering the trunk with huge 1 to 3 foot leaves. However, even in a rainforest there is competition for sunlight and nutrients; plants have to adapt to find their place in the ecosystem. Heliconias are flowering plants found in the tropical rainforests of the Americas. Such trees are found in rainforests with poor nutrient content in the soil. Immature plants have leaves of about 4 inches and grow to approximately 12 inches when mature. The bitter cassava produces attractive greenish-white flowers. Orange flowers form on tall, straight stems that are surrounded with leaves. Ornamental cultivators are prized for their unique flowers and foliage. The male bee is first attracted by the flower’s scent. It grows in South Asian rainforests. The tuberous roots of potted spider plants require division as they continually multiply. Flowers are very attractive and bloom in shades of coral red or pink. In Hawaii, taro is grown commercially as a food crop. They are less common in tropical areas and commonly form after cold fronts. The strangler fig is an extremely important plant in the rainforest ecosystem. Spineless yucca needs full sun but will tolerate some shade. The bucket orchid and the orchid bee have co-evolved; each is dependent on the other to reproduce. Stems resemble tree trucks and support 2 inch long elongated, plump and glossy green leaves. Japanese bananas are fast-growing plants that do best in full sun with periods of partial shade. Flowers come in singles petals, semi-double petals, and double petals. These vines live in the canopy layer. ActiveWild.com is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for website owners to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon stores. 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